I've welcomed the shift that, based on the media at least, seems to be providing clients with more choice than the billable hour model. As everyone recognizes, it’s a model that ‘can’ be fraught with conflict. However, I think we’re at some risk of throwing the baby out with the bathwater.
I’ve always been struck by the somewhat elitist tendency of lawyers to view their business model as unique. The reality is that we’re service providers like many others (except for unlimited personal liability, but that’s another story). We run a technology practice, and many of our clients are deeply involved in buying or providing complex services. They’ll apply different models depending on the circumstances – sometimes fixed fee, sometimes time and materials, often volume discounted, often with milestone payments. Many of their customers have strong preferences for either fixed fee or time and materials contracts – the former because they fear run-away services and want budgetary certainty, the latter because they fear the ‘premium’ that’s built into the fixed fee arrangement, and reckon that their vendor management skills are good. Service providers will often be reluctant to take a fixed fee deal because they believe the proposed project doesn’t lend itself to clear scoping, but equally sometimes may prefer a fixed fee transaction because they have confidence in their efficiency, or because they believe it necessary to win the deal.
My point is that there is no one size fits all, and that different models work well for different circumstances. The key to a good time and materials contract is that the service provider is incentivized to be efficient – like most service providers, many lawyers rely heavily on happy customers to act as reference accounts, and that incentive shouldn’t be underestimated. Equally, clients should be wary of situations where that incentive is diluted, for example in circumstances where the work is performed by a lawyer for whom the incentive is less critical, e.g., a lawyer other than the partner that owns the account.
All of which leads me to wonder whether what clients should really be asking about is the compensation structure within their service provider – does it provide customer-focused rewards?